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Glossary of Web Related Terms

Resource Center - Foundation

Glossary of Web Related Terms

Reprinted with permission from the ePhilanthropyFoundation.Org © 2002

ASP Source: ASPNews.com

Application Service Provider (ASP) Application Service Providers are third-party entities that manage and distribute software-based services and solutions to customers across a wide area network from a central data center. ASPs may be commercial ventures that cater to customers, or not-for-profit or government organizations, providing service and support to end-users.

Browser Source: Webguest.com

A software program that allows you to surf the Web. The most popular web browsers right now are Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer.

CGI Source: Instantweb.com

Common Gateway Interface, A standard for running external programs from a World-Wide Web HTTP server. The CGI program can, for example, access information in a database and format the results as HTML. A CGI program can be any program that can accept command line arguments.

Cookie Source: Webguest.com

A small piece of information that a Web server sends to your computer hard disk via your browser. Cookies contain information such as login or registration information, online shopping cart information, user preferences, etc. This information can be retrieved by other web pages on the site, so that this site can be customized.

CRM Source: 1to1.com

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) is the same as one-to-one marketing. This customer-focused business model also goes by the names relationship marketing, real-time marketing, customer intimacy, and a variety of other terms. But the idea is the same: establish relationships with customers on an individual basis, and then use the information you gather to treat different customers differently. The exchange between a customer and a company becomes mutually beneficial, as customers give information in return for personalized service that meets their individual needs.

IP Address Source: About.com

An IP (Internet protocol) address is the 32-bit numeric address that serves as an identifier for a computer; information is routed based on the IP address of the destination. The IP address is written as four numbers separated by periods. For example 207.158.192.40 could be an IP address. Each of the four numbers (which can be from zero to 255) is used in different ways to identify a particular network and a host on that network.

ISP Source: Webopaedia.com

Internet Service Provider (ISP), a company that provides access to the Internet. For a monthly fee, the service provider gives you a software package, username, password and access phone number. Equipped with a modem, you can then log on to the Internet and browse the World Wide Web and send and receive e-mail.

Listserv Source: Searchvb.com

 Listserv is a small program that automatically redistributes email to names on a mailing list. Users can subscribe to a mailing list by sending an email note to a mailing list they learn about; listserv will automatically add the name and distribute future email postings to every subscriber. (Requests to subscribe and unsubscribe are sent to a special address so that all subscribers do not see these requests.)

NGO Source: UN.org

A non-governmental organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens' group that is organized on a local, national or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of services and humanitarian functions, bring citizens' concerns to Governments, monitor policies and encourage political participation at the community level. They provide analysis and expertise; serve as early warning mechanisms and help monitor and implement international agreements. Some are organized around specific issues, such as human rights, the environment or health.

POP3 Source: Instantweb.com

Post Office Protocol, version 3. It is a publication that standardizes the way computers on the Internet send and receive email messages. The computers that do the sending and receiving are called servers.

Search engine Source: LearntheNet.com

A search engine is a type of software that creates indexes of databases or Internet sites based on the titles of files, keywords, or the full text of files. The search engine has an interface that allows you to type what you're looking for into a blank field. It then gives you a list of the results of the search. When you use a search engine on the Web, the results are presented to you in hypertext, which means you can click on any item in the list to get the actual file.

 SSL Source: Instantweb.com

Secure Sockets Layer, A protocol designed by Netscape Communications Corporation to provide encrypted communications on the Internet.

TCP/IP Source: Whatis.com

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is the basic communication language or protocol of the Internet. It can also be used as a communications protocol in the private networks called intranets and in extranets. When you are set up with direct access to the Internet, your computer is provided with a copy of the TCP/IP program just as every other computer that you may send messages to or get information from also has a copy of TCP/IP.

Top-Level Domain Source: NetworkSolutions.com .

COM, .NET, and .ORG are top-level domains in the hierarchical Internet Domain Name System. These top-level domains are just underneath the "root", which is the start of the hierarchy. Anyone may register Web Addresses in .COM, .NET, and .ORG. URL Source: Instantweb.com Uniform Resource Locator, (previously "Universal") A draft standard for specifying the location of an object on the Internet, such as a file or a newsgroup. URLs are used extensively on the World-Wide Web. They are used in HTML documents to specify the target of a hyperlink that is often another HTML document (possibly stored on another computer).

WWW Source: Webopaedia.com

A system of Internet servers that support specially formatted documents. The documents are formatted in HTML that supports links to other documents, as well as graphics, audio, and video files. This means you can jump from one document to another simply by clicking on hot spots. Not all Internet servers are part of the World Wide Web.

This Glossary of Terms has been compiled from a variety of sources noted above by the ePhilanthropyFoundation.Org.

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